The Thyroid is a gland that sites either side of the windpipe and just below the Adams apple, is responsible for the manufacture of messenger hormones that affect the body’s cells and other tissues when they are released into the bloodstream.
The hormones that the Thyroid gland produces are called.
- Thyroxin or T4 and
- Triiodothyronine or T3.
The T represents the number of atoms of Iodine contained in each hormone, so Thyroxin has 4 atoms of iodine and Triiodothyronine has 3 atoms of Iodine. Thyroxin can be replaced easily by medication if the gland produces little or none of the hormone, similarly if little or no Triiodothyronine is produced, that can be replaced by taking Thyroxin.
Sometimes the Thyroid gland starts to misbehave, causing you to feel unwell with symptoms like.
- Excessive sweating.
- Intolerance to heat.
- Increase in the number of times you need the bathroom.
- Agitation and nervousness.
- Increased Heart rate.
- Weight loss.
The Thyroid produces hormones to regulate how fast your body cells work, so if too much thyroid hormone is produced and sent into the bloodstream it makes you body’s cells work faster, and if not enough is produced it makes them work slower.
This is a complex subject, and we will give you as much information as we can, but it is not intended as a substitute for the advice and treatments recommended by your doctor. Problems with the Thyroid gland are usually treatable by either medication or surgery, so let’s explore the Thyroid a bit more.